From:                                         Integrity Research Institute <>

Sent:                                           Saturday, October 27, 2018 8:22 PM


Subject:                                     The Latest eNews For You


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Future Energy eNews









Hello Tom,


Just to let you know, our former speaker Eric Lerner from COFE3 has been making steady progress with his pB11 (proton-boron) fusion research at Lawrenceville Plasma Physics Foundation (LPPF), which we are excited about as well, since it is the most powerful (4X) as compared to D-D and D-T fusion experiments (tokamak-ITER, laser, etc.). Here is a quote from his regular email newsletter:


The exciting CBC documentary on fusion, “Let There be Light” is now available for free on Vimeo, courtesy of the producers, EyeSteelFilm. This is the best overall introduction to the state of fusion research today, and focuses not only on the giant ITER project, but also on LPPF, General Fusion and W-7X as examples of alternative approaches.


Our Story #1 is an important one marking the milestone for NASA and its history of research into supersonic flight. An upcoming supersonic transport (SST) model is pictured here which is planned for commercial construction in the next couple of years, after the testing of its silent sonic boom is verified with unsuspecting civilians in the cities below.


Story #2 is one of those articles that make us wonder since the electron has previously been shown to be one of only two fundamental particles (proton is the other one) which seems to never decay (Borexino underground facility 18-month report) and has a theoretical lifetime (about 1028 years) from the Standard Model to be five quintillion times the current age of the universe  . Now the sphericity or “roundness” of the electron has come into question, so physicists who have unlimited funding resort to testing if it has any tiny amount of dipole moment (and therefore a slightly oblong shape), since then it may decay and not qualify as a Standard Model eternal particle. So far they failed to an even greater degree of failure than ever before, so the ancient Greeks would be happy that a perfect sphere is still the best model for the mysterious uniformly charged electron!


Story #3 may be a new photoelectric effect since hitting a semiconductor like graphene having quantum dots with light has now been shown to generate electricity, as reported in NASA Tech Briefs. It may therefore enhance standard solar photovoltaics. Also, it is analogous to the latest developments at several institutions that engage in solar energy harvesting with nanorectennas  .


Story #4 gives us cause to celebrate since the phrase “green plastic” has rarely been used before and biodegradable plastics are not as mainstream as they should be to protect the environment, including our precious ocean. Made from fructose and a plant-derived solvent, the new discovery is a 100% bio-based renewable plastic (a recyclable form of FDCA) to replace petroleum-based plastics. Appearing as well in the latest (10/1/18) NASA it was developed at the University of Wisconsin at Madison and the contact person there is James Dumesic at; 608-262-1095.


Our final Story #5 is a glimpse into the future of electric clothing since self-powering functionality can now be provided by flexible photovoltaics that can adhere to moveable and complex three-dimensional biological tissues and skin. As reported in Nature ( 561, p. 516–521, 2018) less than a month ago, the authors predict that “the next-generation biomedical devices will need to be self-powered and conformable to human skin or other tissue.” Therefore, the researchers fabricated integrated organic electrochemical transistors used as sensors with organic photovoltaic power sources (with 10% efficiency) on a one-micrometer-thick ultra-flexible substrate. The illustrations prove its ultra flexibility too which is quite exciting.




Tom Valone, PhD




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1) NASA at 60: The First Aeronautics


The first “A” in NASA stands for aeronautics — the science of travel through the air. It's as much about flying on airplanes and arriving safely at a destination as it is about astronauts in space. NASA's roots go back to the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics, established in 1915 to “supervise and direct the scientific study of the problems of flight.”

NASA engineers also created and tested novel re-entry systems for returning space vehicles, helped develop tiltrotors, and renovated the nation's air traffic control system. NASA has also tested all types of aviation-related problems such as acoustics, aerodynamic drag, icing, vibration, crash survivability, and engine efficiency.

The X-15 high-speed research aircraft explored the possibilities of a piloted, rocket-powered, air-launched aircraft capable of speeds about five times that of sound. Developed in a joint program among the Air Force, NASA, Navy, and North American Aviation, the X-15 program demonstrated the human desire to fly higher, faster, and beyond Earth's atmosphere. Between 1959 and 1969, the X-15 completed 199 flights, and in August 1963, the X-15 set an altitude record of 67 miles. Four years later, the aircraft set a speed record of Mach 6.7 (4,520 miles per hour).


2) Electron Has No Dipole Moment & Now a New Limit to its Non-existence!



“Now, the Advanced Cold Molecule Electron Electric Dipole Moment, or ACME, search, based at Harvard University, has probed the electron’s EDM with the most precision ever — and still found no sign of smooshing, the team reports online October 17 in Nature.”

Electrons are still almost perfectly round, a new measurement shows. A more squished shape could hint at the presence of never-before-seen subatomic particles, so the result stymies the search for new physics.The finding improves the team’s last best measurement (SN Online: 12/19/13) by a factor of 10 to find an EDM of 10-29 electron charge centimeters. That’s as round as if the electron were a sphere the size of the Earth, and you shaved less than two nanometers off the North Pole and pasted it onto the South Pole, says Yale University physicist David DeMille, a member of the ACME team.


3) Light-Induced Electrical Current into Nanomaterials


When hit with light, semiconductors (materials that have an electrical resistance in between that of metals and insulators) generate an electric current. Semiconductors that consist of one layer or a few layers of atoms — for example, graphene, which has a single layer of carbon atoms — are of particular interest for next-generation optoelectronics because of their sensitivity to light, which can controllably alter their electrical conductivity and mechanical flexibility. But the amount of light that atomically thin semiconductors can absorb is limited, thus limiting the materials’ response to light.


A field-effect transistor (the device) containing molybdenum disulfide (stick and balls) doped with core-only quantum dots undergoing charge transfer (left zoom; charge transfer is shown as sparks), and core/shell quantum dots undergoing energy transfer (right zoom; energy transfer is shown as a wave moving from the quantum dots to molybdenum disulfide).




4) Green Plastic Is Bio-Renewable



Green Plastic!

Using a plant-derived solvent called GVL (gamma-Valerolactone), an economical and high-yielding way to produce furandicarboxylic acid (FDCA) was developed. One of 12 chemicals the U.S. Department of Energy calls critical to forging a “green” chemical industry, FDCA is a necessary precursor to a renewable plastic called PEF (or polyethylene furanoate), as well as to a number of polyesters and polyurethanes.

The new process begins with fructose, which is converted in a two-step process to FDCA in a solvent system composed of one part GVL and one part water. Since sugars and FDCA are both highly soluble in this solvent, the end result is a high yield of FDCA that easily separates from the solvent as a white powder upon cooling. The solvent then can be easily separated and recycled. The system doesn't require costly mineral acids for catalysis, doesn't produce waste salts, and the FDCA crystals can be separated from the solvent by simply cooling the reaction system.



5) Self Powered Ultra Flexible PV Clothing


Next-generation biomedical devices will need to be self-powered and conformable to human skin or other tissue. Such devices would enable the accurate and continuous detection of physiological signals without the need for an external power supply or bulky connecting wires. Self-powering functionality could be provided by flexible photovoltaics that can adhere to moveable and complex three-dimensional biological tissues and skin. Ultra-flexible organic power sources that can be wrapped around an object have proven mechanical and thermal stability in long-term operation, making them potentially useful in human-compatible electronics. 




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