From:                              Integrity Research Institute <>

Sent:                               Thursday, May 24, 2012 5:11 PM

To:                                   Valone, Thomas

Subject:                          May Future Energy eNews


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MAY  2012


Dear Subscriber,


As a public service, here's a reminder: Now that the summer is approaching don't forget about the superior energy-storage, phase change insulation that Future Energy eNews reported on inJanuary, 2012 and available for example, from . It is worth reviewing "How It Works" and seeing the four degree F change a building will amazingly experience even with a 37 degree change (86 - 49 F) on the outside (scroll down to the second picture). We feel it is important for everyone to retrofit their old fashioned home insulation to become more energy efficient, help avoid brownouts, and save money in the process. Then you can tell others where you learned such a valuable energy trick of the trade!


Some of us still dream about the day when spaceships will utilize matter-antimatter engines to achieve "2 billion times" more energy release than hydrocarbons. That dream has moved one step closer to reality with the latest simulation in Story #1 from Kent State University and Case Western Reserve. With new magnetic nozzles the estimated efficiency can now reach about 85% instead of the old maximum of 36%. Even the 12 Tesla magnets are now within reach. It is certain that a Nobel Prize is waiting for a sufficient antimatter manufacturing technique that will keep up with demand.


How about solar panels that are simply tinted films applied to your south-facing windows? Now a startup in Germany as raised 25 million euros to do just that in Story #2. Heliatek has a projected 40 to 50 cents per watt for the cost which is very attractive, in more ways than one. No longer will we have to put unsightly hardware on our roofs for renewable energy. In a related story on the solar revolution, our #4 article explains a similar research achievement with double layer transparent metal oxides which cover the entire solar spectrum in work done at Binghamton University.


While the lithium-ion companies (e.g. A123) are having financial difficulty, the lithium-air battery at IBM is moving forward with help from ARPA-E with a projected product to yield 500 miles on a single charge instead of only about 150 miles by present standard. In Story #3 we have reprinted an excellent diagram to help everyone understand this cutting edge energy technology of the immediate future. In a related Story #5, we are happy to help announce the agreement signed this month between ZENN electric cars (Zero Emission - No Noise) and EEStor ultracapacitor company. This a marriage made in heaven since the ultracaps are very light compared to batteries, also are projected to last the entire life of the car, and the recharging of an ultracap is extremely fast. Check out the ZENN archive photo and television footage before the upgrade to EEStor ultracaps. The broadcast interview is quite humorous and politically insightful.


Thomas Valone, PhD 












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1) Antimatter Propulsion Engine Redesigned Using CERN's Particle Physics Simulation Toolkit  

By KFC, 5-14-2012


Latest simulation shows that the magnetic nozzles required for antimatter propulsion could be vastly more efficient than previously thought--and built with today's technologies 


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Smash a lump of matter into antimatter and it will release a thousand times more energy than the same mass of fuel in a nuclear fission reactor and some 2 billion times more than burning the equivalent in hydrocarbons.  So it's no wonder that antimatter is the dream fuel for science fiction fans.  The problem, of course, is that antimatter is in rather short supply making the prospect of ever building a rocket based on this technology somewhat remote.   


But from time to time physicists put aside these concerns and have a little fun working out how good antimatter rocket engines can be. Today it's the turn of Ronan Keane at Western Reserve Academy and Wei-Ming Zhang at Kent State University, both in Ohio, who take a new approach to the problem with some interesting results. 


First, some basic rocket science. The maximum speed of a rocket depends on its exhaust velocity, the fraction of mass devoted to fuel and the configuration of the rocket stages. "The latter two factors depend strongly on fine details of engineering and construction, and when considering space propulsion for the distant future, it seems appropriate to defer the study of such specifics," say Keane and Zhang.


So these guys focus on the exhaust velocity--the speed of the particles produced in matter-antimatter annihilations as they leave the rocket engine. The thrust from these annihilations comes largely from   

using a magnetic field to deflect charged particles created in the annihilation. These guys focus on the annihilation of protons and antiprotons to produce charged pions.  


So an important factor is how efficiently the magnetic field can channel these particles out of the nozzle. 



In the past, various physicists have calculated that the pions should travel at over 90 per cent the speed of light but that the nozzle would be only 36 per cent efficient. That translates into an average exhaust velocity of only a third of lightspeed, barely relativistic and somewhat of a disappointment for antimatter propulsion fans.   

All that is set to change now, however. Keane and Zhang have come up with a different set of figures with the help of software developed by CERN that simulates the interaction between particles, matter and fields of various kinds. 


CERN uses this software, called GEANT4 (short for Geometry and Tracking 4), to better understand how particles behave at the Large Hadron Collider, which itself collides beams of protons and antiprotons. So it's ideally suited to Keane and Zhang's task. 


The new work produces some good news and some bad news. First the bad. The new simulations indicate that pions produced in this way will be significantly slower than previously thought, travelling at only 80 per cent of light speed.

The good news is that the GEANT4 simulations indicate that a magnetic nozzle can be much more efficient than previously envisioned, reaching 85 per cent efficiency. That translates into an average exhaust velocity of about 70 per cent light speed. That's much more promising. "True relativistic speeds once more become a possibility," say Keane and Zhang.


These guys have another surprise up their sleeve. Their nozzle has a magnetic field strength of around 12 Tesla. "Such a field could be produced with today's technology, whereas prior nozzle designs anticipated and required major advances in this area," they say.


That will bring a smile to the face of many science fiction fans. There is, of course, the small problem of gathering enough antimatter for a journey of any decent length. The number of antiatoms made at CERN is small enough to be countable. By one estimate, at this rate it will take a thousand years to make a single microgram of antimatter. 


Keane and Zhang point out that all earlier estimates predate the PAMELA spacecraft's discovery last year that Earth is surrounded by a ring of antiprotons and suggest that this could mined for fuel. What they don't mention, however, is that PAMELA spotted only 28 antiprotons in two years--far less than the rate at which CERN makes them on a daily basis.

Keane and Zhang finish by noting that other fuel technologies have advanced at an exponential rate, liquid hydrogen production, for example. If antimatter manufacture turns out to follow a similar trajectory, who knows what could happen.  

Interesting, entertaining and wildly ambitious--all good fun.



Ref: Beamed Core Antimatter Propulsion: Engine Design and Optimization



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2) Tinted Windows That Produce Electricity  


Kevin Bulls, Technology Review, April 17, 2012



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A German company borrows the materials and manufacturing process of OLED displays to make a new kind of solar panel.



Heliatek, based in Dresden, is funded by Bosch, BASF, and others, and has raised 28 million euros so far. The company, which recently started making its panels on a small, proof-of-concept production line, hopes to raise an additional 60 million euros, part of which will be used to build a 75-megawatt factory. This is fairly small for a solar panel factory-at such a small scale, Heliatek's panels will cost more per watt than conventional solar panels, says CEO Thibaud de Séguillon. But in four to five years, by which time Heliatek should reach large-scale production, the cost could drop to around 40 to 50 cents per watt, which would make them competitive with conventional solar panels, he says.

Meanwhile, Heliatek will need to find a way to sell its solar panels at a premium to fund its expansion. It plans to do this by selling products that take advantage of its solar panels' unusual  light weight and flexibility. In one case, it's working with a building materials company to integrate its solar panels into forms for concrete facades. At a construction site, forms will be filled with concrete, and the panels will become a part of the façade.

Heliatek is also working with another manufacturer to incorporate its solar panels, which can be semitransparent, into windows. "It's like tinted windows, only these windows generate electricity," Séguillon says.


Builders might be willing to pay a premium for the solar panels because they're cheaper to integrate into a building; they wouldn't have to buy hardware to anchor the panels to a roof, for example. Policies in Europe that will soon require buildings to produce as much electricity as they consume could also drive builders to integrate solar panels into windows and facades, says Séguillon.

Heliatek's key innovations are the active materials in its solar cells and the process for making the cells. Organic solar cells have been around for decades. The idea behind them is that certain organic molecules-typically types of long polymers-could be cheaply printed, leading to very-low-cost solar cells. But such cells have proven inefficient and have had relatively short lifetimes, so they are used only in niche applications.




3) Lithium Air Battery R&D Moves Forward

 By Clifton Yin · April 25, 2012 ·


Last week, IBM announced that it is bringing on two corporate partners, Asahi Kasei and Central Glass, to collaborate on research for its Battery 500 Project, the goal of which is to develop a lithium-air battery that can power an electric car for 500 miles on a single charge. In comparison, today's conventional lithium-ion batteries can only take cars roughly 150 miles between plug-ins. Lithium-air batteries, so-named because they use oxygen to drive a chemical reaction, theoretically have a much higher energy density - hence their appeal. The fact that IBM has dedicated time and money to the development of the technology is an indication of its significant potential. Furthermore, the progression of the Battery 500 Project itself is an interesting case study in innovation.



In late 2009, IBM applied for an ARPA-E grant to support its lithium-air battery research, one of 220 battery-related proposals. Ultimately, the agency chose to fund two other lithium-air projects instead, doling out roughly $5 million to the PolyPlus Battery Company and a little more than $1 million to researchers at Missouri University of Science and Technology. IBM chose to continue its work nonetheless, leading the New York Times to characterize it as being in the "rare category" of "a big company willing to take a big risk". If anything, the decision to continue high-risk research without the cost being in part defrayed by government funding is a telling sign of just how high-reward a potential breakthrough could be.


In taking on the burden of risk in advanced research without government financial support, IBM is very much an anomaly in today's clean tech world. Nevertheless, although the Battery 500 Project may not have been able to secure an ARPA-E grant, the federal government has been a key collaborator in other ways. Scientists from multiple national labs - Argonne, Lawrence Livermore, Pacific Northwest, and Oakridge - have been involved in R&D efforts. In addition, essential experiments on electrolytes were conducted at Argonne and not IBM's own Almaden research center, as might be expected. It is worth noting, however, that future project collaborators Asahi Kasei and Central Glass are Japanese companies that were brought on for their advanced manufacturing expertise, which highlights a key national energy policy weakness: the lack of an aggressive, national advanced manufacturing strategy.


Along with IBM, the two ARPA-E grantees are moving forward with their own proprietary research. Their work is different than IBM in that ARPA-E gave special consideration for batteries that displayed potential for being domestically manufactured when originally considering grant applicants. As agency head Arun Majumdar put it, "At the end of the day, we want the scaling in the United States of these successful technologies." PolyPlus in particular has also set itself apart in deciding to perfect a lithium-water battery before applying the breakthrough technology to the development of a lithium-air battery. Although a battery that works underwater obviously does not have practical applications for electric cars, the fact that most of today's underwater batteries are toxic, whereas PolyPlus' model is both benign and can last as much as twice as long on a single charge, makes their battery "ideal for powering sensors that monitor offshore oil rigs, submarine activity, and tsunamis," as BloombergBusinessweek put it.


Ultimately, innovations in batteries, for electric vehicles or otherwise, are essential to making clean energy cheap. The progress of IBM, PolyPlus, and others is a promising sign that the work of both the public and private sector in the U.S. is making an impact.




4) Tailoring Metal Oxides for Green Energy Tech

Green Design Briefs, Thursday, April 26, 2012



Harnessing solar energy can be as simple as tuning the optical and electronic properties of metal oxides at the atomic level by making an artificial crystal or super-lattice 'sandwich.' "Metal oxides can be tailored to meet all sorts of needs, which is good news for technological applications, specifically in energy generation and flat screen displays," said Louis Piper, assistant professor of physics at Binghamton University.


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Louis Piper, Assistant Professor of Physics at Binghamton University


Though metal oxides are very good at electron conduction, they are very poor "hole" conductors. Holes refer to absence of electrons, and can conduct positive charge. To maximize their technologically potential, especially for artificial photosynthesis and invisible electronics, hole conducting metal oxides are required.


Layered metal oxides systems can be combined to selectively 'dope' (replace a small number of one type of atom in the material), or 'tune' (control the size of the band gap). Recent work revealed that a super-lattice of two hole-conducting copper oxides could cover the entire solar spectrum. The goal is to improve the performance while using environmentally benign and cheap metal alternatives.


Indium oxide is one of the most widely used oxides used in the production of coatings for flat screen displays and solar cells. It can conduct electrons really well and is transparent. But it is also rare and very expensive. Piper's current research is aimed towards using much cheaper tin oxide layers to get electron and hole conduction with optical transparency.


Piper is convinced that the development of new and exciting types of metal oxides that can be tailored for specific applications are well within our reach. "We're talking battery storage, fuel cells, touch screen technology and all types of computer switches," said Piper.

Binghamton University





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5) ZENN Cars and EEStor Team Up


Toronto, Ontario - May 15, 2012 ZENN  Press Release  


 ZENN Motor Company Inc. (TSXV: ZNN) ("ZENN" or the "Company") announced today that it has entered into a new technology agreement (the "New Technology Agreement") with EEStor, Inc. ("EEStor") which increases and improves the Company's   EEStor, Inc. ("EEStor") exclusive rights to purchase electrical energy storage units ("EESUs") under development by EEStor.







James Kofman, Chairman and Interim Chief Executive Officer of ZENN commented, "The New Technology Agreement significantly expands ZENN's rights and improves upon the terms of the old agreement. Importantly ZENN now has exclusivity over an enormous potential market in automobiles and other vehicles and we are no longer limited by weight or category. The rights of ZENN are clearly defined and some of the uncertainties in the old agreement have been removed. The Company is now ideally positioned if EEStor is successful in developing its EESUs. We are mindful that EEStor has not yet achieved its targeted performance metrics for its EESUs, but feel the modest up front investment under the New Technology Agreement puts ZENN in a much stronger position to capitalize on the technology."

Under the New Technology Agreement, among other rights, ZENN has received the exclusive, worldwide right to purchase EESUs from EEStor for any vehicle, new or used, that uses electrical energy (excluding only one, two and three wheeled vehicles and those produced exclusively for the U.S. military or government) (a "Vehicle"). Under the old technology agreement ZENN had exclusive rights to vehicles with a curb weight up to 1,400 kilograms, net of the battery weight, but exclusions included pick-ups, trucks, SUVs, trams, buses and high performance sports cars. Under the New Technology Agreement there are no exclusions other than those described above.


Importantly all payments after the initial payment are entirely at the discretion of ZENN. In the event that ZENN elects not to make any of the payments when due, its exclusive rights would revert to Vehicles with a curb weight of 1,400 kilograms or less, net of battery weight and its rights would be non-exclusive with respect to all other Vehicles. This would be an improvement over the rights under the old technology agreement.
The above is a summary only of the New Technology Agreement and is qualified in its entirety by the specific legal terms contained in that agreement.

As required under the New Technology Agreement, EEStor has issued a press release today providing an update on the current state of development of its EESU, the advancements it has made to date in developing its EESU and the challenges that still remain in the commercialization of its EESU. This is not the public disclosure of EEStor's technological development required in connection with the Company's recent equity investment in EEStor announced on March 26, 2012, which is required to be certified by an independent third party and has not yet been released, but a public update that was a condition of ZENN agreeing to enter into the New Technology Agreement. ZENN still expects EEStor to provide the disclosure contemplated in connection with the equity investment.  


About ZENN

The Company's goal is to be the provider of leading edge power storage solutions and related technologies to the automotive industry. Technologies and solutions, powered by EEStor's electrical energy storage units (EESU) have the potential to enable OEM and Tier 1 partners to deliver advanced electric transportation solutions to their customers. 


About EEStor Inc.
Headquartered in Cedar Park, Texas, EEStor Inc. is dedicated to the design, development, and manufacture of high-density energy storage devices. Utilizing revolutionary ultra-capacitor architecture and environmentally friendly materials, the EEStor technology will compete against existing battery technologies.

Source: PR Newswire (




Information contained in this release relating to EEStor, Inc. or the energy storage technology being developed by EEStor has not been reviewed by EEStor and EEStor does not assume any responsibility for the accuracy or completeness of such information. 






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  • Scott Kelsey, Missouri State, explaining Rejuvamatrix, Pulsed EMF therapy to increase the length of DNA telomeres, which directly affect our lifespan.
  • Max Formitchev-Zamilov, Penn State,  discussing Cavitation Induced Fusion, that will soon provide power generation and heat production.
  • Christopher Provaditis, from Greece, explaining Inertial Propulsion and who teamed up recently with Boeing for their space satellites.
  • PJ Piper of QM Power, discussing the motor invented by Charles Flynn, with a revolutionary parallel path that gives double and triple efficiency. 
  • Dr Thorsten Ludwig  from Germany (GASE) discussing the mysterious Hans Coler motor that WWII British Intelligence researched.



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