From:                                         Integrity Research Institute <>

Sent:                                           Thursday, March 29, 2018 1:43 PM


Subject:                                     The Latest eNews For You


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Future Energy eNews











We are happy to announce that the best summary of future energy is in our 40-page IRI Annual Report 2017 which is now online for a free download. It is complete with all of our IRI activities from 2017 and full of useful links to references used in the emerging energy stories.


Another energy-related issue has now become a global concern because of climate change. That is the need for drinkable water for up to 5 billion people by 2050. Besides the Central African droughts for example, Cape Town’s “Day Zero” has been pushed just a few more months away as CNN now reports with this being the first modern city (9 million people) also running out of municipal drinkable tap water. Here is where IRI comes in, keeping track of emerging energy solutions. Using a dehumidifier compressor, there have been a bunch of devices over the years designed to produce drinkable water directly from air but now there are many other designs emerging. With climate change, the Water Abundance XPrize has just become major news. Finalists from UK, Australia, India and the US are finishing their prototypes and final testing will happen in July. Teams must produce at least 2,000 liters of water a day using renewable energy at no more than 2 cents (1.4 pence) per liter. Whichever group extracts the most at the lowest cost will be awarded $1.5 million. For those looking to domestic breakthroughs, MIT and UC Berkeley have done it last year with a “crystal water harvester” .


The transition of our power systems toward higher shares of renewable energy sources (RES) is happening at an ever-increasing pace. Forecasting agencies have had to revise up their RES projections every year over the past decade. Projections for solar PV in 2030 have increased by a factor of 15 since 2006. The graph from the McKinsey Insights report is pretty convincing. For those interested in this major energy market trend, a complimentary “Global Energy Perspective” is also available online 


Our first story this month is about Google testing an autonomous electric plane with multiple propellers. It even has vertical takeoff. We just hope that it has very good radar for navigating.


The second story is just to announce that the Elon Musk Hyperloop for super-fast travel in a vacuum tube is on its way. With a test bed in the Nevada desert, it will be here before you know it.


Our third story at least shows a new method for thrusting or propelling spacecraft in earth orbit. It involves harvesting air molecules in low earth orbit and using them for propulsion. The conclusion is that it can also work in the Mars atmosphere, which is as thin as low earth orbit.


The fourth future energy story offers a transition from the IRI advocacy of the Israeli firm called Innowattech that offered 500 kW per kilometer of highway using piezoelectric panels under the road, which never made a success out of the invention. Now the state of California Energy Commission will be testing the same invention in a section of roadway this year (also reported in our IRI Annual Report 2017 in detail on page 26 with ). Soon we hope to see our highways generate electricity all over our country.


Lastly, our fifth story gives you an insight into the viable new industry category called Carbon Capture and Use (CCU). A complete summary is in the IRI Annual, on page 20, with a list of seven technologies using CO2 with the industry names and their locations.


Onward and upward!


Tom Valone, PhD



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1) Self Flying Electric Vehicle by Google


Meet Cora

Google's founder self flying taxi takes off in New Zealand

The cool-looking two-seat machine features 12 wing-mounted rotors to enable vertical takeoff and landing, and a large pusher-prop to help it fly like a regular airplane.

Cora, which was unveiled this week and is currently undergoing flight tests in New Zealand, is fully electric and autonomous. It can carry up to two passengers, has a reported range of 60 miles, and a top speed of 93 mph. Operating with a noise level far below that of a helicopter and without the need of a runway, the aircraft could take off and land in busy urban settings without causing any great disruption to people in the vicinity.




2) Hyperloop Becoming a Reality


Five years in, things are starting to happen.


Plenty has happened in the five years since Elon Musk first published his white paper on a system he called hyperloop. Since releasing that manifesto to the world, hundreds of people and hundreds of millions of dollars have been put to work, all in the service of bringing Musk's retro-futurist dream of a vacuum tube for people to life. And despite being less than a fever dream half a decade ago, the pace of innovation is notably increasing, with 2018 already including several big announcements regarding its future.

There are a handful of companies all competing to be the first to build a fully operational hyperloop. The most notable, and the one that has achieved the most in its relatively short life, is Virgin Hyperloop One. Its biggest accomplishment was using some of the $300 million it raised to build DevLoop, a 500-meter-long testing environment. Situated in the Nevada desert, DevLoop is the proving ground for the company's maglev-and-pump technology as well as its pod design.

Toulouse Welcomes HyperloopTT



3) Air Thruster Paves Way for Missions to Mars


By Teressa Puldarova Space. com March 2018


For the first time, the European Space Agency (ESA) has tested a novel air-breathing electric thruster that could allow near-Earth orbiting satellites to stay in space almost indefinitely. The thruster, designed to harvest atmospheric molecules and use them instead of onboard propellant, could also make future Mars exploration easier, ESA officials said.

Satellites need propulsion to hold their position or move around in space. Conventionally, satellites use rocket-like chemical propulsion, but electrical thrusters are becoming increasingly popular due to their better efficiency. However, current electrical propulsion systems still need to use a propellant, such as xenon, and their mission lengths are therefore limited by how much propellant they can carry. Due to weight constraints, satellites can carry only a limited amount. Those orbiting close to the Earth, in the range of a few hundred kilometers (about 125 miles), consume it at a higher rate, as they need to compensate for the atmospheric drag that slows them down and pulls toward the Earth.


4) California Testing Piezoelectrics on Highways to Generate Power


Energy harvesting makes the jump from mere man-size stuff to infrastructure


By Philip Ross IEEE March, 2018

Most energy harvesting schemes are on a human scale, like using your swinging arms to power a wristwatch or your dancing legs to power a nightclub’s sound-and-light show. Why not go big by harvesting the road vibrations caused by cars and trucks? 


That’s the idea behind California’s newly funded experiment to turn road rumble into watts. It would rely on piezoelectric crystals, which produce a bit of current when you squeeze them. Such crystals are often used in audio equipment to turn sounds into signals or vice-versa, but if you put enough of them together, they could run streetlights, sensors, and other useful highway equipment.


5) Carbon Capture & Use (CCU) Companies can suck CO2 out of the Air


We need to suck CO2 from the air to solve the climate crisis, but what do we do with it? A budding industry is turning the gas into useful stuff


By Michael Marshall


TAKE a breath. You have just inhaled about 0.6 grams of air, including 0.4 milligrams of carbon dioxide. Had you lived in the 1600s, you would have taken in less than 0.3 milligrams of CO2 with each breath. Although it might not seem like a big difference, the additional greenhouse gas now in the atmosphere is altering the climate at a pace that threatens global havoc.

What if we could take CO2 right back out of the air and put it to use? What if, instead of being the most dangerous waste product in human history, it could become the basis for new industries that clean up the planet instead of harming it – and turn a profit too?




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