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 Integrity Research Institute                                              DECEMBER 2012toc











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In This Holiday Issue

1. Our Holiday Gift: Free download of SPESIF 2012 Papers

2. IRI's Therapeutic Antioxidant Electric Clothing Now Listed on NineSights

3. Thorium Reactors Being Tested in Norway

4. Solar & Thermal Energy Harvesting Textiles for Aerospace Applications

5. Sea Power for Electricity Generation

6. Energy Innovation 2013 Conference



Dear Subscriber,     HAPPY HOLIDAYS!


  This month has a great accomplishment of volunteers at Integrity Research Institute (Story #1) available online for FREE for the first time, the entire Proceedings of SPESIF 2012. It was a breakthrough conference as our FE eNews readers and IRI Members know, with major advances in inertial propulsion and zero point energy extraction, among others. With this impressive crowning achievement serving the public, we remind you that donors are needed to help us meet our minimum operating budget for 2013. Please consider becoming a member or donating now to get a tax deduction for this year. As always, we are very thankful for your support and generosity.


With Story #2, you can see more detail about our Senior Staff Doctor Panting's therapeutic electric clothing invention. It is a patent pending, revolutionary free radical quencher that promises to help sports performance by a significant percentage (at least 10% estimated) because one of the main effects of exertion is the creation of free radicals systemically, which taxes the body and slows it down. Dr. Panting also predicts that it will contribute to longevity, health and vitality since free radicals are the number one contributor to aging, skin wrinkling and DNA damage.  


Our Story #3 touches a nerve here at IRI because for years we have been encouraged to advocate Thorium Nuclear Reactors but I wanted to see some actual progress somewhere in order to point to it, with clear advantages outlined for the public to see. Since we pride ourselves in being ahead of our time (the list keeps growing), often just waiting a few years will bring the product to the forefront. Thanks to the Norwegians and to the Chinese, the time is now for everyone to become informed with what looks like the best nuclear electricity generator and nuclear waste processor for many reasons. Maybe the US will reactivate its own invention (our military made the first one), after dropping the ball in favor of long-lasting nuclear waste.


Story #4 is amazing because energy harvesting is becoming very popular (see PowerMEMs 2012 for example) but no one has suggested that textile fibers could be engineered to be photovoltaic. In keeping with our Story #2 on electric clothing, the power source is very convenient with this emerging technology and no batteries are needed!


We are happy to see Tidal Power being consistently developed as with Story #5 regarding megawatts from an Ireland company, which is more reliable than the wind. The US has made advances in this area as well, with Ocean Renewable Power Co. in Maine for example. IRI also featured a COFE2 presentation by CEO Martin Burger of Blue Energy Canada on "Tidal Power: A Primer" from 2006, with COFE2 presentations also available on DVD through Integrity Research Institute.


Lastly, Story #6 features the Energy Conference coming up in January which looks interesting and a first for the Innovation Foundation and Breakthrough Institute.


We wish everyone a Happy Holiday and Wonderful New Year!



Thomas Valone, PhD

1) Our Holiday Gift to you: Free Download of all SPESIF Papers including COFE5 Forum  


We are happy to announce that we are offering though Elsevier Publishers in cooperation with Science Direct the complete Proceedings  of the Space, Propulsion & Energy Sciences International Forum.

Edited by Dr Thomas Valone, We are now  offering online for Guests to view and download PDF copies of all the published papers including COFE5 forum:


We are grateful for all of you who contributed to this event and made it possible. The Flash FLV videos of most of the SPESIF presentations are also online at

 and stored chronologically for online viewing, as converted from Adobe Connect.


Note: IRI will be collaborating with the highly successful Natural Philosophy Alliance for the next conference event in 2013 . Our joint upcoming conference will also be held at the University of Maryland near the end of May or beginning of June, 2013 at the request of IRI. Our Call for Abstracts for the 20th Annual NPA Conference will be issued in the next week or two as soon as the dates (Thursday-Saturday) are confirmed. Our IRI effort will be to recruit speakers and authors for the Sixth Conference on Future Energy (COFE6) and other forums as you are familiar with such as the Forum on Future Directions in Space Science; Symposium on High Frequency Gravitational Waves; Symposium on Astrosociology; the Symposium on Frontiers in Space Propulsion Science and perhaps the Nuclear Society Forum.


We look forward to your participation which will also include the same Elsevier publication through Science Direct as before.



2) Therapeutic Antioxidant Electric Clothing Approved for listing in NineSights

Valone, Thomas, Integrity Research Institute Press Release, December 22, 2012


Therapeutic Antioxidant Electric Clothing approved and  posted Nov 30, 2012 at NineSights, a Nine Sigma Community



This unique invention relates to the field of electrotherapy, bioelectricity, bioelectromagnetics, sports performance enhancement, medical electricity and electromedicine. Particularly, the invention involves the novel implementation of self-powered electric therapeutic clothing with the novel addition of imbedded wiring in order to provide antioxidant microcurrent electricity delivered to the human skin at strategic acupuncture points using an integrated constant voltage, constant current, variable voltage or variable current circuit.


The present invention further comprises transcutaneous and percutaneous applications for electron delivery in microdoses for health. It also is patent pending and invented by a senior staff naturopathic doctor, Jacqueline Panting, N.D., of Integrity Research Institute. Licenses are available from assignee.


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3) Thorium Reactors Being Tested in Norway

Peter Murray, Singularity Hub, Singularity University, 12/11/12


Editor's Note - - Environmental Liquid Fluoride Thorium Reactor (LFTR) Advantages
1.The LFTR produces energy cheaper than from coal. 
2.The LFTR produces about 3% of the waste of a light water reactor of the same power and much of this "waste" can be extracted and sold within 10 years. Moreover, this waste need only be sequestered from the environment for 300 years, a far less daunting task than the 300,000 years required for today's LWR (regular nuclear reactor) waste.
3. The LFTR uses an inexhaustible supply of inexpensive thorium fuel.

Visit the Library pdf page of the Energy From Thorium Foundation for tons of free pdf papers.   - TV


A Norwegian company is breaking with convention and switching to an alternative energy it hopes will be safer, cleaner and more efficient. But this isn't about ditching fossil fuels, but rather about making the switch from uranium to thorium. Oslo based Thor Energy is pairing up with the Norwegian government and US-based (but Japanese/Toshiba owned)Westinghouse to begin a four year test that they hope will dispel doubts and make thorium the rule rather than the exception. The thorium will run at a government reactor in Halden.


Thorium was discovered in 1828 by the Swedish chemist Jons Jakob Berzelius who named it after the Norse god of thunder, Thor. Found in trace amounts in rocks and soil, thorium is actually about three times more abundant than uranium.


The attractiveness of thorium has led others in the past to build their own thorium reactors. A reactor operated in Germany between 1983 and 1989, and three operated in the US between the late sixties and early eighties. These plants were abandoned, some think, because the plutonium produced at uranium reactors was deemed indispensable to many in a Cold War world.


Thorium is 'fertile,' unlike 'fissile' uranium, which means it can't be used as is but must first be converted to uranium-233. A good deal of research has been conducted to determine if fuel production, processing and waste management for thorium is safe and cost effective. For decades many have argued that thorium is superior to the uranium in nearly all of the world's nuclear reactors, providing 14 percent of the world's electricity. Proponents argue that thorium reacts more efficiently than uranium does, that the waste thorium produces is shorter lived than waste from uranium, and that, because of its much higher melting point, is meltdown proof. An added plus is the fact that thorium reactors do not produce plutonium and thus reduce the risk of nuclear weapons proliferation.


Some experts maintain that the benefits of thorium would be maximized in molten salt reactors or pebble bed reactors. The reactor at Halden is not ideal for thorium as it is a 'heavy water' reactor, built for running uranium. But it is also a reactor that has already received regulatory approval. Many thorium supporters argue that, rather than wait for ideal molten salt or pebble bed reactors tests should be performed in approved reactors so that their benefits can be more quickly demonstrated to the world.


But is thorium really cheaper, cleaner and more efficient than uranium? And if so, do the added benefits really warrant the cost and effort to make the switch? Data is still pretty scarce, but at least one report is urging us to not believe the hype.


Through their National Nuclear Laboratory the UK's Department of Energy & Climate Change released a report in September that stated: "thorium has theoretical advantages regarding sustainability, reducing radiotoxicity and reducing proliferation risk. While there is some justification for these benefits, they are often overstated." The report goes on to acknowledge that worldwide interest in thorium is likely to remain high and they recommend that the UK maintain a "low level" of research and development into thorium fuel.


The place where thorium is proven either way could be China. The country is serious about weaning itself off of fossil fuels and making nuclear power their primary energy source. Fourteen nuclear power reactors are in operation in China today, another 25 under construction, and there are plans to build more. And in 2011 they announced plans to build a thorium, molten salt reactor. So whether it be Norway, the UK, China, or some other forward-thinking countries, we'll soon find out if thorium reactors are better than uranium ones, at which point more countries may want to join the thorium chain reaction.





Energy Update: The Chinese Talk Up Thorium Fueled Nuclear Reactors. 

December 06, 2012

China in its push to reduce its dependence on coal-fired power plants sees thorium
liquid salt reactors (TMSRs) as an important step in developing clean energy
technology. Not only will they provide electrical power, but also will provide
hydrogen, methanol and other byproducts. China has had trouble getting its first
TMSR up and running but they remain the leader at this moment, ahead of planned
projects in France and India (the latter country is experimenting with solid thorium-
fueled water-cooled reactors). The U.S. developed a prototype in the 1960s but
shelved it. But now China is in the forefront with a target completion date of 2020.
Westinghouse is advising on the project.

Thorium (seen below) is a radioactive element. It is widely abundant in the Earth's
crust. Its radioactive half-life is much shorter than uranium or plutonium. And its
byproducts are of no value for making nuclear weapons.

What are the advantages of thorium reactors and particularly thorium molten salt?

Thorium is far more abundant than uranium and plutonium.
A TMSR can harness up to 98% of the energy from the fuel it burns. Compare that
to current reactors which obtain efficiencies of between 2 and 5% in a given
volume of plutonium or uranium.
The molten salt is liquid which expands when heated. This slows the nuclear
reaction and creates a much safer technology than traditional fuel rod reactors.
The reactor is self-governing with a drain with plug at the bottom of each molten
salt container. Should something go wrong the plug melts and the molten salt
drains into a shielded underground container.


Molten salt reactors are not limited to burning thorium. They can consumer
different nuclear fuels including nuclear fuel waste and use it as an energy source.
That makes them highly attractive as a means of consuming spent uranium and
plutonium from existing reactors. And the small part of the fuel residue from
TMSRs is Plutonium 238, used by NASA for Deep Space Missions as a heat and
energy source for missions like Cassini or the Mars rover, Curiosity.
Another byproduct is Molybdenum 99 used in medical diagnostics. Currently the
source of such radioactive diagnostic imaging materials has been compromised
by a worldwide shortage when Canada's Chalk River nuclear reactor sprung a leak
and subsequently, the country decided to phase it out of operation.
Thorium has been called a super fuel by writers such as Richard Martin who
recently published a book by that same name. In it Martin argues that using
thorium fuel in existing reactor technology would be far safer than the fuels we use
today. He states that the only reason most of the world uses uranium and
plutonium dates back to the beginning of atomic weapons programs in the 1940s.
He blames the military for the aborted thorium prototype shelved by the U.S. in the

Thorium pellets are the fuel for India's planned reactor. Research is ongoing at the
Bhabha Atomic Research Centre in Mumbai.    Source: Pallava Bagla/Corbis

The fact that China has taken the lead in building the first TMSR speaks to the
reality that country faces as it deals with its growing energy demand. The Chinese
have shut down conventional nuclear power plant projects and scaled back their
plans because of obvious concerns with safety issues brought to light by the
disaster at Fukushima, Japan,  following the 2011 earthquake and tsunami.

At the 2012 Thorium Energy Conference held in late October of this year in
Shanghai, the son of China's former president, Jiang Zemin, Jiang Mianheng,
spoke at length about why the country is focused on TMSR technology. He is the
president of the Chinese Academy of Sciences in Shanghai, and sees TMSRs as
a way for China to reduce greenhouse gas emissions while meeting its future
energy needs.

To learn more about thorium reactors visit the International Thorium Energy
Organisation  and  on the web.

The above schematic is of a prototype thorium-fueled nuclear power plant capable
of generating 300 Megawatts of power. This is one of the designs being
considered by India.            

Source: NECSA, South African Nuclear Energy

William Abbott Foster, PhD
Senior Research Associate
Center for International Strategy, Technology, and Policy (CISTP) Sam Nunn
School of International Affairs Georgia Institute of Technology



4) Solar and Thermal Energy Harvesting Textile Composites for Aerospace Applications

Air Force Office of Scientific Research, Arlington, Virginia.

Saturday, December 01 2012 , Defense Tech Briefs



Energy harvesting devices in the form of fibers could be woven into lightweight, strong textiles for integration with structural composites.


The proposed research focuses on developing novel energy harvesting devices that can be integrated with loadbearing structures in an air vehicle (e.g. a UAV). Several ambient energy sources are available on a UAV: light, heat, and vibration. The amount of energy available from light and heat exceeds that in vibration, so this work focuses on the first two modes of harvesting.


The approach is to create energy harvesting devices in the form of long fibers that eventually could be woven into lightweight, high-strength, multifunctional textiles for seamless integration with aerospace structural composites. The fiber form factor is a powerful paradigm for these energy conversion devices, since it can lead to improved light trapping in the organic photovoltaic (PV) cells, and allow for a high density of thermocouple junctions without the use of costly patterning techniques, significantly enhancing the cost-benefit performance.


The initial focus was on modeling and experimentally demonstrating prototype devices consisting of single fibers capable of the thermoelectric (TE) and PV modes of energy conversion. The results obtained were highly encouraging, and have opened up several exciting new research directions. In a solar cell geometry, the active organic layers and metallic electrodes are formed concentrically around a fiber core, and light is coupled in through the outer electrode. This structure is quite different from the conventional planar PV cells, and requires special considerations in its design and for predicting its optoelectronic performance.


Fresh advances in modeling OPV devices on fibers include the application of multilayer dielectric coatings to fiber bundles. This architecture maximizes light in-coupling in individual fibers, and takes advantage of photon recycling in multi-fiber arrays. The modeling combines ray-tracing and transfer-matrix simulations at multiple length scales. Each component of the model has been independently validated by experiments.


Improved power conversion efficiency of planar OPV cells was demonstrated using a metal-organic-metal layer structure. Importantly, these devices now match the efficiency of conventional ITO-based cells, which were improved. The ITO-free device exhibits a slightly lower short circuit current density (JSC), but compensates with a higher open circuit voltage (VOC). Further analysis of how JSC varies with anode thickness reveals that the device performs unexpectedly better than the far-field transmittance of the anode would suggest. The enhanced performance is due to the microcavity effects dominating the thin-film OPV cell, in which the far-field optical transmission of the electrode is less important than its ability to place the antinode of the optical field close to the donor-acceptor junction in the organic layers. Detailed optical modeling enables mapping of the performance of a wide range of electrode materials, and predicts that silver is not far from the conventionally employed ITO with respect to the JSC values it can allow.


Conversion of heat to electricity (thermoelectric generation) can be accomplished by connecting two dissimilar materials (metals or semiconductors) in a series of junctions, and sandwiching the junctions between a hot source and a cold sink. The voltage produced by the junction is proportional to the temperature gradient between the hot and cold sides. The conventional series-connected junction geometry can be reproduced in the form of thin-film segments deposited along fibers. Weaving these fibers can position the junctions as required for power generation. The TE generator is optimized by maximizing the temperature gradient, minimizing the thermal conductivity, and maximizing the Seebeck coefficient and electrical conductivity.


Woven thermoelectric generators have been demonstrated utilizing several TE fibers at once. Several fiber diameters have been explored, varying also the TE segment length and weave density, and spanning square inches. For smaller fibers, increased weave density, and greater temperature gradients, the power density increases dramatically. The thinness and flexibility of these mats suggests that multilayer TE fabrics can be used to efficiently span temperature gradients using individual layers tuned to work at their maximum ZT point.


This work was done by Max Shtein and Kevin Pipe of the University of Michigan, and Peter Peumans of Stanford University for the Air Force Office of Scientific Research. AFOSR-0004



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5) Sea Power: Tidal Energy for Electricity Generation

 By Eliza Strickland  /  November 2012, IEEE Spectrum


SEA POWER: Allan Robinson develops highly reliable submarine turbine systems that generate electricity from the tides.


The tides may be predictable, but for an engineer testing and developing some of the world's first commercial-scale tidal turbines, conditions can be more than a little unpredictable. Just ask Allan Robinson, a senior electrical engineer at OpenHydro Group, a leading tidal power company based in Dublin.


Robinson recalls one afternoon last March, when he was putting a turbine through its paces at an offshore test site near Scotland's Orkney Islands. He and his colleagues were working on an elevated platform, installing power-metering equipment for the massive turbine that was whirling grandly beneath the waves, when they received word of an incoming gale. They had 20 minutes to evacuate before high seas would have forced them to spend the night on the cold metal platform.

Corrosive seawater and marine organisms are tough on electronics, and Robinson says that's what makes this line of work so interesting. Because going out to visit a turbine at sea is expensive, the company designs systems that require as little servicing as possible, says Robinson. "We need to have high reliability and high redundancy for all the critical components."


While a few experimental tidal power stations have been built in past decades, a number of companies are now racing to develop durable turbines that can be deployed in "tidal farms." OpenHydro, founded in 2005, is at the forefront. For engineers like Robinson, it's a chance to invent a new industry. "We're doing things that no one has ever done before," he says.


Robinson, a Canadian, came into this field after collecting one bachelor's degree in mechanical engineering and another in electrical engineering, with a focus on power and control systems. After completing his studies, he worked for a marine power company in British Columbia, Canada, for more than five years. In 2010, OpenHydro recruited him and moved him to Ireland to help with the company's R&D on turbine control systems and grid connections.

OpenHydro's system is invisible from the surface. Its massive turbines-at 16 meters in diameter, they have open centers to let fish swim through-rest on the seafloor. Power is sent back to shore with submarine cables.


Robinson tests these cutting-edge turbines and their control equipment in saltwater pools at the company's engineering center in Greenore, Ireland.

The company has begun its first commercial deployment off the coast of Brittany,France, where the first of four 2.2-megawatt turbines was being installed at press time. Other tidal farms are in the works around Britain's Channel Islands. "We're still at the early stages of the tidal power industry," says Robinson, but for an engineer who doesn't mind a little excitement, unpredictable conditions are just fine.


This article originally appeared in print as "Profile: Allan Robinson."


Editor's Note: Also see COFE2 presentation by CEO Martin Burger of Blue Energy, Canada on "Tidal Power: A Primer" in Proceedings of COFE2 2006, also on DVD through Integrity Research Institute.



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6) Energy Innovation 2013 Conference:  Clean Energy Ready for Primetime? 

 Information Technology and Innovation Foundation Press Release  December 2012.


The Information Technology and Innovation Foundation and the Breakthrough Institute are pleased to host "Energy Innovation 2013: Clean Energy, Ready for Primetime?" on January 29, 2013, at the JW Marriott in Washington, DC.


Clean energy is at a crossroads. Thanks to public investments in nations like the United States, Europe, and China, solar, wind and battery technologies have over the last five years improved significantly and become cheaper, but still not as cheap as fossil fuels. Moreover, these investments, including the wind tax credit, are now coming to an end. Meanwhile, innovations in the production of natural gas are displacing coal, generating billions in consumer energy savings, and becoming the cleaner energy leader few foresaw.


What is the future of clean energy? On the one hand, Congress is divided over renewables, with the high-profile failure of taxpayer-funded Solyndra, and other clean tech companies, tarnishing green stimulus spending. On the other hand, President Obama has defended his clean tech investments and says energy innovation remains a high priority. Senate Energy Committee Chairs Ron Wyden (D-OR) and Lisa Murkowski (R-AK) say they are optimistic they can reach bipartisan agreement on new energy legislation. And natural gas and nuclear - two long-standing clean energy outliers - have received renewed attention due to possible inclusion in a clean energy standard.

Never before has a clear-eyed assessment of clean tech - broadly defined - been more important. Please join us for this important conference.

Panels on solar, wind, batteries, nuclear, and natural gas will be moderated by:

  • Kevin Bullis, Senior Editor for Energy, MIT Technology Review
  • Eliza Strickland, Energy Reporter and Editor, IEEE Spectrum 

While a debate pitting leading thinkers on carbon pricing, aggressive government funding for energy innovation, and robust clean energy deployment subsidies and mandates will be moderated by:

  • David Leonhardt, Washington, D.C. Bureau Chief, The New York Times

Highlights include:

  • What does the natural gas revolution teach us about how to do energy innovation?
  • What progress has been made with solar, wind, and batteries and how was this progress made? What can be expected of these highly promising but still nascent technologies and what's the best way to drive improvements in cost and performance?
  • Is nuclear energy dead due to high up-front capital costs and public fears post-Fukushima? Or is there new hope in the small modular reactors (SMRs) that DOE is purchasing, and other radical new designs? What must be done to accelerate their innovation?
  • What should be the highest policy priorities of energy innovation advocates - RD&D, subsidies and mandates, or carbon pricing?

For media inquiries, please contact William Dube or 202-626-5744.    



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