From:                                         Integrity Research Institute <>

Sent:                                           Wednesday, August 30, 2023 1:35 PM


Subject:                                     Future Energy eNews





Future Energy eNews











This past month was a game-changer for our institute. On August 9th, I was fortunate to Zoom with the Legislative Director of our Maryland Congressman Glen Ivey mainly to present our favorite climate solution, Gigaton Carbon Dioxide Removal (CDR). Then two days later, on August 11th, the US DOE announced the “world’s largest investment” of $1.2 billion to remove over two megatons of CO2 per year, “a key step in scaling up direct air capture (DAC) technology.” Then, a few days later, IEEE Spectrum on August 15th was on a similar bandwagon but with an even better bid to “capture gigatons of carbon dioxide dissolved in ocean water.” Of course, this double synchronicity was very impressive to the Congressman’s office, when I got back to him and certainly raised the issue to a notable level, so my journal articles on the subject have now become even more relevant, and years ahead of their timeVisit our IRI Blog page to access the links to all of those climate journal articles targeting gigaton CDR that we have authored in just the past few years. All of this also provides a summary of Story #3 where Bloomberg news explores the innovative profitability of carbon cleanup hubs around the country, as the related story views its future maturity.


To finish off the public education fulfillment of IRI’s mission this month, I met with Mayor Kabir of College Park here at IRI, with a tour of our office and laboratory. We also discussed Phase Change Insulation advocacy for the city of College Park Maryland, as well as painting roofs white to reflect the heat instead of the primarily black roofing prevalent throughout the city. The response from his office is above.

Story #1 this month updates the story we announced in FE eNews back in October 2020 about Prof. Thibado at the U of Arkansas and his amazing free energy invention. For those unfamiliar with this once in a lifetime breakthrough with a perpetual source of motion from thermal fluctuations, the short one-minute graphic YouTube video is great. The circuit design was chosen to overcome the condition set by the second law of thermodynamics, which says that useful energy can't be collected when both the circuit and the ripples are in thermal equilibrium, even if we use a diode. It is called a Graphene Energy Harvester (GEH) and charging capacitors with the GEH is published in August 2023 in Physical Review E. We hope to see a GEH solid state IC available for sale in the near future as Paul has promised.


Story #2 raises the “very interesting consequence that allowed the harvesting of the quantum fluctuations” declared by Prof. Hess at Trinity College in Dublin. This same question has also been explored in my Proposed Use of Zero Bias Diode Arrays as Thermal Electric Noise Rectifiers and Non-Thermal Energy Harvesters" which is a peer-reviewed paper presented at SPESIF February 24, 2009 sponsored and published by the American Institute of Physics (AIP). With this comparison, it is gratifying to see the latest development by MIT that actually controls and “biases the quantum vacuum” fluctuations which are previously purely random zero point energy published in Science magazine. As a follow up to Story #1, you have to wonder if perhaps the nonthermal random quantum fluctuations will someday charge capacitors as well.


Story #3 is introduced above.


Story #4 is an appealing topic for those with all-terrain vehicle (ATV) experience. From an Helsinki based company comes an 18-wheel ATV equipped with 18 wheels but also with 18 motors and 18 springy suspension legs. The ATV’s 18 wheels distribute load and force over 18 motors in independently suspended wheels. This 18-wheel-drive electric ATV is made entirely from recyclable materials.


Story #5 gives us hope that Li-ion batteries may soon be a thing of the past. In this nice resource article, we see a summary of some of the best alternatives to lithium-ion batteries. From partly biodegradable batteries to sodium batteries, to zinc metal batteries, we are seeing a wide selection of possible future energy storage solutions emerging from all over the world.




Tom Valone, Editor


1) Scientists harvest energy from ripples in graphene


Representation of Nonlinear Thermal Current


Interesting Engineering August 2023


Obtaining useful energy from random fluctuations in systems at thermal equilibrium has been a long-standing challenge. When a system is in thermal equilibrium, the particles of the system are constantly in motion due to their thermal energy. These particles move randomly, colliding with each other and exchanging energy, but the overall energy distribution remains stable. The challenge to harness energy from this disordered motion lies in channeling this inherent energy randomness into a controlled and usable outcome. Now, a team of scientists led by Paul Thibado from the University of Arkansas has found a way to harness energy from thermal fluctuations in graphene. The team achieved this by connecting a unique circuit to freestanding graphene, a one-atom-thick graphite sheet.



2) Quantum fluctuations are controlled for the first time


Physics World August 2023


A new technique for exploiting the random energy fluctuations present in empty space and biasing the fluctuations with an applied field has been demonstrated by US scientists. The researchers believe the technique could have applications from sensing to random number generation in probabilistic optical computing. Just as it forbids a particle from being completely bereft of momentum, Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle prevents a system from being totally devoid of energy. In quantum mechanics, therefore, a vacuum is populated by tiny fluctuations in the electric field at random frequencies. These are normally too small to be experimentally relevant, but in specific situations they can become important.


3) Carbon Cleanup can spur Innovation August 2023


The direct air capture industry will likely be crucial for addressing climate change, and new hubs in Louisiana and Texas could help unlock its potential.

The Biden administration awarded $1.2 billion in support of companies looking to pull carbon from the ambient air on Friday. It did so endorsing a specific strategy: that grouping like-minded companies and researchers in hubs is the most effective way to scale the nascent technology.






4) World’s first 18-wheel-drive electric ATV


Inceptive Minds, July 2023


An all-terrain vehicle (ATV) can travel over various terrains, such as sand, mud, rocks, and dirt. ATVs are designed and manufactured for multiple uses, such as racing, agriculture, military, emergency services, etc. Many manufacturers are making three or quad-wheel ATVs. However, sometimes this setup is difficult to control or maneuver, and rocks and obstacles are difficult to control.



5) Alternate to Lithium-Ion batteries - several options


TECH TCD August 2023


Researchers have recently discovered a way to make an efficient battery out of zinc — an inexpensive, commonly found metal — instead of the rare metals used in lithium batteries. Most rechargeable batteries today are lithium-ion batteries, which include other metals like cobalt and nickel, Tech Xplore reports. As electric vehicles (EVs) and large-scale energy storage get more common, we’ll need more and more of those metals — but because they’re uncommon, the costs are often massive. Many researchers are working on cheaper battery options to reduce or replace these metals. One Chinese company has created a car powered by a sodium battery, and a University of Maryland researcher has invented a partly biodegradable battery made of zinc and crab shells. Researchers have even found not one but two ways to store energy in ordinary sand. According to Tech Xplore, this new project, led by Xiulei “David” Ji of Oregon State University, offers yet another alternative to lithium-ion batteries: accessible, efficient zinc metal batteries.








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