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April 2013

 

Greetings!    

 

Annual Membership DriveJoin Integrity Research Institute as a member within the next month and receive a free copy of our IRI Annual Report(40 pages) and either a Breakthrough Energy DVD or a Dr. Glen Gordon Pulsed Electrotherapy DVD (or any one of the other five choices on the IRI membership page-indicate in comment field).

 

After being filmed talking about suppressed energy devices for the Sirius documentary, which comes out this week, I felt apprehensive about it since the minature mummy prominently featured in the film isn't what it seems to be according to DNA analysis. Along the same controversial lines of "disclosure", it looks like I'll be accepting participation in the Citizens Hearing at the National Press Club on a Technology Panel this Friday, May 3rd at the request of copanelist Dr. Robert Wood, a former McDonnell Douglas engineer and Steve Bassett the Coordinator. Anyone can webcast the entire week's broadcast for only $3.80 surprisingly.

 

We are happy to promote the next Conference on Future Energy (COFE6) at the U of Md and hope you will participate in any way possible. We are planning the ebook Proceedings of COFE6 to be available online through a major distributor aiming at reaching libraries and schools. It is likely the conference will also feature a live cavitation fusion demonstration from Dr. Max Formichev-Zamilov from Pennsylvania State University. You may still submit abstracts for giving a lecture and/or submit a paper.

 

On a healthy note, the "most important bioelectromagnetics meeting" BioEM 2013 will be held in Thessaloniki, Greece June 10-14, 2013 and early registration is available.

 

Our story #1 is another amazing zero-point energy discovery where no other physics explains the pyrrole molecular behavior, even though it ismacroscopic or in other words: big. Zero-point energy moving within a pyrrole molecule is unexpectedly sensitive to the exact site occupied by the molecule on the surface. In moving from one site to another, the 'activation energy' must include a sizeable contribution due to the change in the quantum 'zero-point energy'. "Scientists believe the effect is particularly noticeable in the case of pyrrole because the 'activation energy' needed for diffusion is particularly small, but that many other similar molecules ought to show the same kind of behavior." Remarkably like dark energy, 2/3 of the activation barrier was found to be due to zero-point energy affecting the molecule. It may not be too long before my book, Practical Conversion of Zero-Point Energy becomes required reading for college physics and chemistry students.

 

Story #2 relates an equally important breakthrough: a self-healing artificial leaf that produces energy. It is also an inexpensive source of electricity that may work wonders in third world countries.

 

Story #3 explains a well-funded Mercurius operation by the Department of Energy which promises to be a more efficient process, with less wasted water, for producing cellulosic biofuel for diesel or even jet fuel.

 

The 21st century seems to be really here now that a serious nonprofit organization called Mars One in story #4 has initial funding in place for  recruiting four people to make a one-way trip to Mars within ten years. Of course energy is a primary part of this story and the second related story interviews a Nobel prize winner who is endorsing the project by becoming its ambassador. Get ready for the first citizens of Mars to be born soon afterwards. Why will this project actually take place? Interplanetary Media Group has the exclusive broadcasting rights for the event and will pay a license fee which keeps growing as interest and support grow for the first Human Mission to Mars.

 

With the last story #5, we see the push toward portable solar power for those on the go with a solicitation for a flexible, stretchable and hyperelastic PV textile to be developed for the Army. Hopefully we'll see a spinoff for civilians soon afterwards from the company that receives the SBIR grant, which may help our good doctor Jacqueline Panting's Electrotherapeutic Antioxidant Clothing to be powered as well, although many microcurrent sources including zinc and copper work very well already. Soon we will be wearing our antioxidants instead of orally ingesting them only once in a while.

 

Sincerely,

 

Thomas Valone, PhD, PE.

Editor

 

IN THIS ISSUE

1) ZERO POINT ENERGY? MOLECULE RUNS COUNTER TO CLASSICAL PHYSICS

1) SELF HEALING ARTIFICIAL LEAF PRODUCES ENERGY FROM WATER

3) NEW WAYS TO MAKE CELLUSOIC BIOFUELS

4) APPLICANTS WANTED FOR ONE WAY MARS TRIP

5) SAFER NUCLEAR POWER AT HALF PRICE

 

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1) Zero Point Energy? Molecule runs counter to classical physics

 

(Phys.org) -New research shows that movement of the ring-like molecule pyrrole over a metal surface runs counter to the centuries-old laws of 'classical' physics that govern our everyday world.
Surprisingly, with pyrrole the predicted 'activation barriers' were way out, with calculations "less than a third of the measured value". After much head scratching, puzzled scientists turned to a purely quantum phenomenon called 'zero-point energy'.

 

 

Using uniquely sensitive experimental techniques, scientists have found that laws of quantum physics - believed primarily to influence at only sub-atomic levels - can actually impact on a molecular level.

Researchers at Cambridge's Chemistry Department and Cavendish Laboratory say they have evidence that, in the case of pyrrole, quantum laws affecting the internal motions of the molecule change the "very nature of the energy landscape" - making this 'quantum motion' essential to understanding the distribution of the whole molecule.

The study, a collaboration between scientists from Cambridge and Rutgers universities, appeared in the German chemistry journal Angewandte Chemie earlier this month.

A pyrrole molecule's centre consists of a "flat pentagram" of five atoms, four carbon and one nitrogen. Each of these atoms has an additional hydrogen atom attached, sticking out like spokes.

Following experiments performed by Barbara Lechner at the Cavendish Laboratory to determine the energy required for movement of pyrrole across a copper surface, the team discovered a discrepancy that led them down a 'quantum' road to an unusual discovery.

In previous work on simpler molecules, the scientists were able to accurately calculate the 'activation barrier' - the energy required to loosen a molecule's bond to a surface, allowing movement - using 'density functional theory', a method that treats the electrons which bind the atoms according to quantum mechanics but, crucially, deals with atomic nuclei using a 'classical' physics approach.

Surprisingly, with pyrrole the predicted 'activation barriers' were way out, with calculations "less than a third of the measured value". After much head scratching, puzzled scientists turned to a purely quantum phenomenon called 'zero-point energy'.

In classical physics, an object losing energy can continue to do so until it can be thought of as sitting perfectly still. In the quantum world, this is never the case: everything always retains some form of residual - even undetectable - energy, known as 'zero-point energy'.

While 'zero-point energy' is well known to be associated with motion of the atoms contained in molecules, it was previously believed that such tiny amounts of energy simply don't affect the molecule as a whole to any measurable extent, unless the molecule broke apart.

 

But now, the researchers have discovered that the "quantum nature" of the molecule's internal motion actually does affect the molecule as a whole as it moves across the surface, defying the 'classical' laws that it's simply too big to feel quantum effects.

 

'Zero-point energy' moving within a pyrrole molecule is unexpectedly sensitive to the exact site occupied by the molecule on the surface. In moving from one site to another, the 'activation energy' must include a sizeable contribution due to the change in the quantum 'zero-point energy'.

 

Scientists believe the effect is particularly noticeable in the case of pyrrole because the 'activation energy' needed for diffusion is particularly small, but that many other similar molecules ought to show the same kind of behavior.

 

"Understanding the nature of molecular diffusion on metal surfaces is of great current interest, due to efforts to manufacture two-dimensional networks of ring-like molecules for use in optical, electronic or spintronic devices," said Dr Stephen Jenkins, who heads up the Surface Science Group in Cambridge's Department of Chemistry.

 

"The balance between the activation energy and the energy barrier that sticks the molecules to the surface is critical in determining which networks are able to form under different conditions."

 

Related:Superconductivity-like electron pair formation in molecules discovered

More information: onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/anie.201302289/abstract

Journal reference:Angewandte Chemie

Provided byUniversity of Cambridge

 

 Read more at: http://phys.org/news/2013-04-movement-pyrrole-molecules-defy-classical.html#jCp
 

 

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2) Self-Healing Artificial Leaf Produces Energy from Dirty Water

By Darren Quick,  GIZMAG  April 2013 

http://www.gizmag.com/worlds-first-practical-artificial-leaf/18247/ 

 

The 'artificial leaf' created by Daniel G. Nocera, Ph.D. and his team now has self-healing capabilities (Photo: Dominick Reuter)

 

Back in 2011, scientists reported the creation of the "world's first practical artificial leaf" that mimics the ability of real leaves to produce energy from sunlight and water. Touted as a potentially inexpensive source of electricity for those in developing countries and remote areas, the leaf's creators have now given it a capability that would be especially beneficial in such environments - the ability to self heal and therefore produce energy from dirty water.

 

 

 

 

While the leaf mimics a real leaf's ability to produce energy from sunlight and water, it doesn't mimic the method real leaves rely on, namely photosynthesis. Instead, as described by Daniel G. Nocera, Ph.D. who led the research team, the artificial leaf is actually a simple wafer of silicon coated in a catalyst that, when dropped into a jar of water and exposed to sunlight, breaks down water into its hydrogen and oxygen components. These gases can be collected as they bubble up through the water to be used for fuel to produce electricity in fuel cells.

 

Because bacteria can build up on the leaf's surface and stop the energy production process, previous versions of the device required pure water. Now Nocera's team has found that some of the catalysts developed for the artificial leaf actually heal themselves, meaning the process can work with dirty water.

 

"Self-healing enables the artificial leaf to run on the impure, bacteria-contaminated water found in nature," Nocera said. "We figured out a way to tweak the conditions so that part of the catalyst falls apart, denying bacteria the smooth surface needed to form a biofilm. Then the catalyst can heal and re-assemble."

Where similar devices are expensive to manufacture due to the use of rare and expensive metals and complex wiring, Nocera's artificial leaf uses cheaper materials and a simple "buried junction" design that he says would make it cheaper to mass produce. Additionally, less than one liter (0.25 gal) of water is enough to produce around 100 watts of electricity 24 hours a day. And while it isn't necessarily the most efficient form of electricity generation, Nocera likens the approach to "fast-food energy."

 

"We're interested in making lots of inexpensive units that may not be the most efficient, but that get the job done. It's kind of like going from huge mainframe computers to a personal laptop. This is personalized energy.

"A lot of people are designing complicated, expensive energy-producing devices, and it is difficult to see them being adopted on a large scale," he added. "Ours is simple, less expensive, and it works."

 

Nocera believes the artificial leaf is likely to find its first use in individual homes in areas that lack traditional electric production and distribution systems. As well as being cheaper than solar panels, because the artificial leaf doesn't directly generate electricity, but produces hydrogen and oxygen that can be stored, the electricity could be generated for use at night.

 

The research team hopes to integrate the artificial leaf with technology for converting the hydrogen into a liquid fuel to power everything from traditional portable electric generators to cars.

Nocera described the artificial leaf at the 245th National Meeting & Exposition of the American Chemical Society that is currently being held in New Orleans.

 

  

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3) New Ways To Make Cellusoic Biofuels

Kevin Bullis,  April  29, 2013,  New Scientist. 

http://www.technologyreview.com/news/514206/energy-department-backs-new-way-to-make-diesel-from-corn/?utm_campaign=newsletters&utm_source=newsletter-daily-all&utm_medium=email&utm_content=20130429 

 

Within a year, a pilot plant in Indiana will start converting the stalks and leaves of corn plants into diesel and jet fuel. The plant will use a novel approach involving acid as well as processes borrowed from the oil and chemical industry, which its developers hope will make fuel at prices cheap enough to compete with petroleum. The plant, which will have the capacity to process about 10 tons of biomass a day-enough for about 800 gallons (3,000 liters) of fuel per day, will be built byMercurius Biofuels of Ferndale, Washington, with the help of a grant from the U.S. Department of Energy of up to $4.3 million.

Cellulosic biomass-corn stalks and other matter like wood chips and grass-are abundant and require less energy and fertilizer to produce than sugar or corn grain, the main sources of biofuel now. Because of this, the production of cellulosic biomass is cheaper and results in less carbon dioxide emissions.   But so far it's proved difficult to make fuel economically from these sources (see "Cellulosic Ethanol Inches Forward"). One big problem has been the cost of transporting raw biomass. A solution is to build small biorefineries that are close to the needed feedstocks, but smaller facilities tend to be more expensive per liter of fuel produced.

In Mercurius's new process, biomass can be converted into a liquid intermediate chemical at small plants located close to sources. That liquid takes up much less volume than the original biomass, making it more economical to ship to a large centralized facility to be converted to fuel.  Mercurius uses acids to break down cellulose and make a chemical called chloromethylfurfural; the process is based on an approach developed by Mark Mascal, a professor of chemistry at the University of California at Davis.  Converting cellulose to this chemical makes more efficient use of the carbon in cellulose than one of the most common approaches to making fuel from cellulose: converting cellulose into sugar and fermenting it to make ethanol. "Fermentation blows out one-third of the carbon as carbon dioxide," Mascal says. "[Our process] captures all of the available carbon in biomass."

The chloromethylfurfural, in turn, can be converted into diesel or jet fuel with industrial processes similar to those used in the chemicals industry and at oil refineries. "We have processes that are a lot like petroleum refining processes, so it's scalable and potentially faster to bring to market," says CEO Karl Seck.

Using acids can be expensive, so one key to the process is the fact that it will be easy to recycle the acids used. Unlike sugar, the chloromethylfurfural isn't soluble in water, so it is easy to separate it from the acid so the acid can be used again, Seck says (see "Reinventing Cellulosic Ethanol Production"). He says the process will also be cheaper than using enzymes to break down cellulose, a common approach being developed now.

Other companies and academic groups are developing processes for making biofuels from cellulose. Many of these turn biomass into gases before converting those gases into fuels. In contrast, Mercurius's approach makes liquids that are cheaper to handle, requiring smaller and cheaper equipment.

The new technology is at an early stage. Each part of the process has been demonstrated, including the final steps of producing diesel and jet fuel that meet specifications for use in vehicles. But everything has only been done at a small scale, and the entire process hasn't yet been linked together. Some other alternatives are further along.

Kior, for example, uses a catalytic process to break up cellulose to make a sort of crude oil that, as with Mercurius's technology, can be processed into diesel and other fuels (see "Kior 'Biocrude' Plant a Step Toward Advanced Biofuels").

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4) Big Brother Applicants Wanted for One Way Mars Trip

         17:30 23 April 2013 by Victoria Jaggard  New Scientist

         For similar stories, visit the Space flight and Exploring Mars Topic Guides

         http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn23423-big-brother-applicants-wanted-for-oneway-mars-trip.html  

 

 

 

 

 

Do you enjoy the outdoors, need plenty of private time and crave red meat? If so, you are not going to Mars - at least not with Mars One, a Dutch non-profit organisation aiming to send humans on a one-way mission to the Red Planet by 2023. If the scheme ever gets off the ground.

This week the project's application process for astronauts officially opened. Although anyone in the world over the age of 18 is encouraged to apply, the team says not everyone will be up to the challenge.

"We will be looking for a near-impossible combination of character traits," says Gerard 't Hooft, a Nobel-winning physicist and ambassador for the project.

In addition to meeting fitness and mental health standards, people with the right stuff for Mars must be resilient, creative and empathetic. They will have to work well in close quarters with international crewmates. "If you take things too personally, you aren't the right person to go," says chief medical officer Norbert Kraft. "If someone says, 'I need to climb mountains and smell flowers', they are not the person for this... You should be able to survive in a hostile environment, and not freak out in a tin can." Meat and fish will be off the menu, at least at first. "You have to eat your vegetables," says Kraft.

Most importantly, candidates will have to feel comfortable being on TV and online almost around the clock. To help raise $6 billion, Mars One foundersplan to turn the mission into a reality TV show, with the audience voting in the selection process.

For round one, applicants will make a brief video. The public will vote for their favourites, although this won't affect the selection process. After a second, televised round in which the public will vote on candidates from their home country, Mars One will choose 20 to 40 aspiring astronauts to become employees and start training in 2015, for seven years.

Candidates will spend three months each year in a simulated Mars base so selectors can watch how they interact and weed out anyone who is not adjusting well. "Everyone is going to have some vulnerabilities," says Mathias Basner of the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine in Philadelphia, who is not part of the Mars One team. On-Earth simulations, he adds, are much cheaper than endangering the success of a real mission to Mars.

Basner studied sleep habits in the Mars500 project, which saw six men spend 520 days in a mock spaceship. All six had been screened for psychiatric and health disorders. "The tests have a value in predicting certain behaviours," says Basner. "But these missions are so extreme, the right tools have not been developed yet."

In Mars500, insomnia and depression manifested within the first few weeks. Tests showed that researchers could not have predicted who would have suffered these effects. So even if the Mars One mission doesn't take off, says Basner, crew selection and training might tell us something unanticipated about the people who will eventually travel to Mars. 

The Mars One set-up is unprecedented, says Basner. "Obviously, the fact that you have to stay there, and that this is probably going to be a TV show, could create a bias in the people we are going to see."

And what are the chances that the mission will be pulled off? "I have no idea," he says.

 RELATED STORY

Nobel physicist: Give people a one-way ticket to Mars

 http://www.newscientist.com/article/mg21729100.200-nobel-physicist-give-people-a-oneway-ticket-to-mars.html

Govert Schilling, New Scientist, April 6, 2013

  • How did you get involved with a project that sells one-way tickets to Mars?
    The concept fits in with my own ideas about human exploration of space, which I described in my book, Playing with Planets. In fact, the co-founder and general director of Mars One, Bas Lansdorp, once attended one of my lectures. When he asked me to become an ambassador for Mars One, my first reaction was that it will take much longer and cost much more than they currently envision. However, after learning more about the research they had carried out I became convinced that human flights to Mars could become a reality within 10 years. So in the end, I said yes. (...more online)

 

 

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5) Flexible Stretchable and Hyperelastic Photovoltaic Textile Wanted  

 SBIRSOURCE13.2 / Army / A13-076 , Pre Solicitation Opened: 04/24, Proposals Accepted: 05/24 - 06/26 http://sbirsource.com/grantiq#/topics/87837

 

OBJECTIVE

Develop a robust, flexible, stretchable and hyperelastic, efficient, photovoltaic textile (solar textile) suitable for incorporation in both infrastructure and weapon systems.

DESCRIPTION

Energy solutions for forward basing and associated war fighting operations are moving toward hybrid and integrated energy/power systems. Through the increased use of indigenous energy sources dependence on traditional sources can be supplemented, thus reducing the operational logistics/supply burden. Additionally, this helps free up resources to further support mission. This topic specifically focuses on the development of a flexible, stretchable, and hyperelastic photovoltaic textile that is suitable for integration into multiple applications. The textile must be able to produce electricity using sunlight, be flexible/stretchable/hyperelastic and conformal, be robust and able to survive harsh treatment and a range of natural environments, and be at least efficient enough to economically justify widespread use. This work will require the development/improvement of the photovoltaic textile, and incorporation into at least one prototype application. Within the EQ/I business area infrastructure applications for forward basing will be favored. However, potential applications for use with weapon systems are also widespread and will need to influence dual use related development decisions.

 

 

PHASE I

Develop and fabricate at least ten flexible/stretchable/hyperelastic photovoltaic fabric power solution prototypes. The prototypes shall have an unstretched macro-scale size with a surface area within the range of 25 to 1,000 cm2. The minimum current output for simulated natural conditions shall be 0.5 mA/cm2 (unstretched). More is better. While small scale, multi-separate, rigid unit attachment to a flexible substrate is an approximate solution, a lighter and fully integrated (i.e., all definable continuous and contiguous regions and sub-regions able to stretch) is strongly preferred. Characterization shall include quantitative characterization of stretchable characteristics, and electrical contact durability against rapid fatigue failure. Produced flexible samples shall be characterized for performance (to include conversion efficiency and durability). Identical samples shall also be provided for testing and evaluation. The Phase I design will be prototyped and further evaluated and improved in Phase II. Phase I reporting shall include the textile designs scientific and technical merit and feasibility, while also addressing the overall business case viability. Business considerations typically include production scale up plans, projected costs per unit area as produced, and all within the context of one or more projected markets.

 

PHASE II

Produce flexible/stretchable/hyperelastic photovoltaic textile material with improved properties as compared to Phase I. The current output shall be within the range of 1 - 5 mA/cm2 (unstretched) or better. Proceed to integrate this material, along with energy storage capability, into a chosen infrastructure prototype application (e.g., integrated balloon or inflatable kite PV, parachutes/parasails, protective and charging covers, inflatable domed structures with integrated PV, etc.). Characterize the infrastructure prototype performance. Quantitative characterization testing and evaluation is to include at minimum: energy and power outputs, reliability, durability, quantitative stretchable capabilities, systems integration effectiveness and interoperability (as applicable), and all for a variety of expected environments. The ability to provide effective, undiminished power production for a minimum of two years is also required. Additional testing and evaluation of key prototype characteristics is also encouraged and will be factored into the selection evaluation process. The use of CBITEC (Contingency Basing Integration Technology Evaluation Center, located at Fort Leonard Wood, MO) or similar real-world test environments for final prototype evaluation will be required.

 

PHASE III

DUAL USE APPLICATIONS: Various military and civilian applications/use of this technology are envisioned. Commercialization could be through direct sales and/or via sub-component supply to larger integrated system suppliers. Wider commercial applications for infrastructure use could involve A/E (Architect and Engineer) firm specification, inclusion in design guides and criteria, or other innovative and duel use applications.

 

REFERENCES

1.    Bedeloglu, A., Demir, A., Bozkurt, Y., Sariciftci, N., 2010, A Photovoltaic Fiber Design for Smart Textiles, Textile Research Journal, 80(11), pp. 1065-1074

2.    Bedeloglu, A., Koeppe, R., Demir, A., Bozkurt, Y., Sariciftci, N., 2010, Development of Energy Generating Photovoltaic Textile Strucutres for Smart Applications, Fibers and Polymers, Vol. 11, No. 3, pp. 378-383

3.    Lee, J., Wu, J., Shi, M., Yoon, J., Park, S., Li, M., Liu, Z., Huang, Y., Rogers, J., 2011, Stretchable GaAs Photovoltaics with Designs that Enable High Areal Coverage, Advanced Materials, 23, pp. 986-991.

4.    Kylberg, W., Araujo de Castro, F., Chabrecec, P., Sonderegger, U., Tsu-Te Chu, B., Nuesch, F., Hany, R., 2011, Woven Electrodes for Flexible Organic Photovoltaic Cells, Advanced Materials, 23, pp. 1015-1019

5.    Bedeloglu, A., Demir, A., Bozkurt, Y., Sariciftci, N., 2009, A flexible Textile structure based on polymeric photovoltaics using transparent cathode, Synthetic Metals, 159, pp. 2043-2048.

 

 

OFFICIAL SOLICITATION

This material is pulled from the official solicitation released by the government. For official updates, solicitation rules and regulations, and submission instructions, please consult the official documentation

 TECHNICAL CONTACTS

Army

 

Army

 

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